Trenčín is one of Slovakia’s oldest towns, situated in a basin between three mountain ranges making it a strategically important town historically. The large and impressive 11th century castle is the town’s biggest landmark, built on a settlement that had existed from the bronze age. Famously there is an inscription in the rock below the castle dating from 179AD celebrating a victory of the Auxiliary Roman Legion II over the Germanic tribes. Built into the rock below the castle is the Hotel Elizabeth formerly the Hotel Tatra, Trenčín’s finest hotel and a great base for visiting the town. Also below the castle is the Roman Catholic church originally built in the 14th century and rebuilt many times due to fires. The 16th century parish stairway connects the old town with the church and castle. The old town has a large square, and the tree-lined cobbled streets have a selection of bars and cafes. The baroque church in the main square dates from the 17th century, and nearby is the byzantine influenced Trenčín synagogue.